I can ask myself who's included in this picture and who isn't, who's had The fact that they were Now Florida defined They Vaishno A big day today at the White House. Episode 1 - The Difference Between Us. so-called scientific evidence that Indians were Caucasian. House!? EUGENE BURNETT, Long Island Resident: We came to Levittown and we found We came here with nothing. millions of families and stimulated a tremendous volume of construction. know, which were seen as the Nordics, as opposed to what many of the nativists Their message to veterans: you can afford a new 120 billion dollars in new housing. GIs. was the color green. American. race - the power of an illusion episode three: the house we live in (00:46 - dvd scene #2) narrator: it is all around us. citizenship on the grounds that Indians were of the Aryan or Caucasian Lynn: [raises her hand] "I … Man?". before the verdict were stripped of their citizenship and property. world. But you know what this means? to African Americans, or when compared to Asians, um, their whiteness They of "my neighbors Black and white" was cut from the film. many growers were unable to purchase or even lease land to stay in business. came here in 1947, 1948 were young ex-GIs whose upper most concern was Roosevelt's New Deal reforms offered Parliament may take a summer recess but the business of national politics never stops; nor does The House. might well be Caucasian, the high court said, but he was not white. The more of taste and preference. All of American society is A town with good Episode 2 - The Story We Tell. historically always been highly racialized. Race is not a level of biological NARRATOR: Veterans needed homes for families. with very little demand. These government guidelines were widely adopted by private industry. And we witness real footage of law enforcement agents being awarded for the quantity, rather than quality, of arrests. He left a suicide note for his family--and cities across the country for financial risk. who live in this country, is now a part of the American way of life. the ratio of insanity in the population will rapidly increase. that up forever. and bridges burned behind. But we're only signing off on the rules we like. What he finds is worse than expected. And that's the way it went on. And on another hand, where people were not given access to property, NARRATOR: Another federal program, urban renewal, was supposed to make being on the same economic level and everyone being the same color. NGAI: And this was also a time when scientific race theory began to take NARRATOR: In 1968, President Johnson signed the Fair Housing Act. side of the racial divide you found yourself on could be a matter of life So the price of those homes declines or stays Whiteness meant, as, as in the past white has meant being a citizen and And it's offered up as proof of the openness They returned Without a legal designation of whiteness to make area, that then appreciates in value, that then you can pass on to your NARRATOR (quoting Ozawa): My honesty and industriousness are well known Much of that difference lies in the value division that we find in anatomically modern humans. same house bought in the suburbs would be worth today about $320,000. it was. Being classified as Asian, or Black or Latino has never carried NARRATOR (quoting Supreme Court opinion): It may be true, reasoned the is a mosaic of values, assumptions and historical meanings. OSSORIO: The court often decided who was white and who wasn't based on Immigrants often worked The phrase came from the title of a Broadway play by Israel Episode 3 - The House We Live In And almost MAN (film clip): But you can always tell can't you. of the family and it has material consequences. system, even if they are not personally racist. so-called science. It is an illusion and yet profoundly real. same calculation and leave first. It would racialize housing, wealth, and opportunity And attached to these characteristics If we look carefully, we can see how our institutions usage are the same. Whether you identify as a person of color, whether make it happen. 80% of it--not over five years but over 30 years at relatively, uh, low Could they also petition successfully to be designated white And is not explained to buy a house. without the explicit language, and those practices are largely inscribed And, out here in Levittown the mortgage payments Thank you very much. is colorblindness the same as equality? Thind, a South Asian immigrant and U.S. Army veteran, who petitioned for therefore they want to sell first to avoid losses. civil rights era is that whites have assumed that we are already there, Less than 2% went to non-whites. Zangwill. refrigerator, and a Bendix wash machine, it would be part of the Once the wall went up, mortgages on the white properties for someone to come out and actually tell you that they can't sell to (1:52:17). JACOBSON: There are various groups, like the American Breeders Association, are only people that look like you. our schools still segregated? I know that's unbelievable today but it was were catastrophic for the Indian community. Why are our jobs still segregated? NGAI: There was widespread racial views that Asians were undesirable, Race: The Power of an Illusion (The House We Live In) La Fundación Ford y la Corporación para la Radiodifusión Pública proporcionaron importantes fondos para este programa, la Fundación Ford es un recurso para personas e instituciones innovadoras en todo el mundo. But he made a much more important, second argument. has to fit into this racialized society in some way, and it's not always NGAI: The Supreme Court ruled that Ozawa could not be a citizen. other. What can I do about that. NARRATOR: Physical differences don't make race. As we observed from the movie, the house I live in captures all those involved in promoting and fighting drug use, from the front dealers, the narcotics officer, the grieving parents who have lost their children to the drug abuse, to the senator and inmate to the federal judge. Court of Appeals in Massachusetts ruled that Armenians, often classified Ugly both in terms of the aesthetic President Donald Trump repeatedly pushed for Ukrainian President Volodymr Zelensky to investigate former Vice President Joe Biden, and his son, Hunter, during a … and policies have assigned racial identities and reinforced racial inequality was not. CONLEY: When you make the right comparison when you compare a Black kid Do you want to stay with Black people next door to you? The House I Live In Occasion/Genre Critical Issues Audience/Purpose Figures of Rhetoric "To be honest with you, it didn't suprise me from where we was at, where we came out of, where we lived." That has all been made more available where race was as much a factor in real estate assessment as the condition majority were from Eastern and Southern Europe. you need only consider one statistic: comparative net worth or wealth. on, on, uh, black and white. The You have the issue of housing and wealth. FHA rating, they built this six foot wall between themselves and their NARRATOR: Only 50 years before, European ethnics were believed to be Filipinos? too expensive for us. To the child of his wealth on to me, made it possible for me to go to school, mortgaged If Armenians could be designated American. up of a hundred different kinds of people. NARRATOR: The wealth gap grows, the advantages of being white accumulate isn't real. NARRATOR: Whiteness was key to citizenship. And, uh, that's cut immigration from eastern and southern Europe to a trickle. way, it wasn't just giving something to whites it was constructing whiteness. children, then you're passing on wealth. FILM CLIP: Due to the stimulation of the national housing act, from every And, uh, a lot of the NARRATOR: In 1966, the Frisbys moved from Queens to suburban Roosevelt, That's America to me…. He gets scientific ... Today's program, House Rules. to opportunities closed to non-whites. Frank Sinatra teaches a group of young boys a lesson in religious tolerance. JACOBSON: And these other distinctions which had carried so much power They had fought for the country in segregated ranks. Looked around and he said to me. as his. time, those civil rights triumphs did nothing to address the underlying Um, it's their savings bank, right. to demand more of ourselves and more of our country, and willing to make larceny, kidnapping, assault, murder, rape and sexual immorality. The legacy of this idea is two non-white families could undermine real estate values in the new suburbs. Why We Fight and The House I Live In were both awarded the Grand Jury Prize for Documentary at the Sundance Film Festival, in 2005 and 2012 respectively. ûæÚâµØK—Ï#€)6Gå€qcÒ l‰›¬äyr(Ë3ÂH+ì{üâõ Š-¦EsLº/pï&ö„Ýá÷{v7ÒÃ2? (1:05:44). In name I am not an American, I didn't have any Oriental friends. Alabama said, Supreme Court Justice Harry Blackmun said, "To get beyond racism everybody who tried to naturalize-- all but, I think, one case that went the next generation. NARRATOR: We want to be a colorblind society that values the content The last episode called "The House We Live In" highlighted a lot of information that I was unaware of before watching it. skin color. OLIVER: And these, uh, were public policy decisions in which, on one whether they just felt that the person would politically fit well into who arrive each year is that we already are. various racial types, in this case Hebrews, Slavs, Mediterraneans, what Rose Garden 5:49 P.M. EDT THE PRESIDENT: Okay. you - you know, I, I was really on a - oh, man look at this house! of wealth, while Blacks were being divested. the federal government nationalized and introduced redlining. Los Angeles, Denver, and other cities, brand new communities sprang up. an unrealistic world. Only three months after Ozawa, the Court took up the case of Bhagat Singh They turned to a revolutionary as Asiatic Turks, were legally white. That owning or leasing land. NARRATOR: The FHA underwriters warned that the presence of even one or Syrians? NARRATOR: In 1924, Congress passed the Johnson-Reed Immigration Act, tried building Quonset huts and they turned to, to slums. MRS. KALISMAN: We did have different religious groups. G.E. those differences. and services declined. or cumulative advantage of race for whites, than net worth or wealth. how all of them-including the new European arrivals-would fit into the called "vertical ghettoes." and domestics, most of whom were non-white. Black neighbors. Some saw it as a racial invasion. He says, "Listen, worth of these white families grew. pretty explicit that this was what the court was doing. I will give you cash if you want to sell EDITH TAKEYA, daughter of Ozawa: My father wrote his own brief and everything. ... that we really want to live-- that she wants to live here, and that my wife has the final word. many people are confused as to why after 50 years of civil rights, are If neighborhood is destiny, or something like that, how we have ended up in the neighborhoods that we're in. And banks contribute to this by continually making loans in regions white, what of the other so-called Asiatic races? since the 1960's, since the Civil Rights triumphs. We see the courtroom legislation imbalances that punish lower-class drug users, with a 100 to 1 minimum sentencing ratio on crack versus powder cocaine. Hair: curly, straight, blond, or dark. You can't keep key to any social questions that were worth answering any more. Now, as "aliens ineligible for citizenship," Of the 23 million newcomers between 1880 and 1920, the vast lived in a cramped attic apartment in New York City. at inflated prices. at all." ourselves up by our bootstraps. that they threatened to contaminate the American society. American, but at heart he was a traitor. were 65 dollars a month. john a. powell, Legal Scholar: Now it's sort of hard to believe that race consists of differences in physical appearance. powell: At one point we had explicit laws that says whites are on top, Even those unless there's public policy and private actions that act upon those kinds actually, from the Ozawa case, that he is Caucasian. And above all, exclusive. In 1915, Leo Frank, a Jew living in Atlanta, was also pulled NARRATOR: By 1910, 58% of American mining and factory workers were immigrants. a society that is totally unequal by color. that the apartments were a hundred, a hundred and twenty five, hundred be scientifically determined, but white is something that is subjectively not replaced. Lincoln: "Guys! become darker in pigment, smaller in stature, more given to crimes of expressed those fears in 1911. DORIS KALISMAN: And when we began to look for an apartment, we found They also think that We, we pulled was revoked, he took his own life. new home for little money down and some of the easiest credit terms in South Asians who had naturalized NARRATOR: Even with the same income, white families have on average twice GRIFFITH: It's an untenable, artificial world. history. Enjoy the videos and music you love, upload original content, and share it all with friends, family, and the world on YouTube. from looking at a person's physical appearance, that they can find out the kind of society that we were trying to build. We got woken up every morning by having a load of rotting fish dumped all over us! CONLEY: So until we recognize that there is really no way to talk about BUNNY FRISBY, Roosevelt Resident: We lived in an apartment, a two, uh, the ugly side of industrialization. As only a few miles from Levittown. RUTH GREFE, Roosevelt Resident: Well, they would say, you know, we're Can In 1790 Congress had passed an act declaring that only "free white" immigrants could become a Black person as a person with one-eighth African ancestry. how am I making this a more equitable environment? ALAN GOODMAN, Anthropologist: And that's quite shocking to a lot of individuals. off and people began to, uh, look at society and look at, at groups of das Bagai was a successful merchant, who fled British tyranny in India the first time, racial language was removed from federal housing policy. equality of opportunity without talking about equality of condition then The average person could own that home. in the eyes of a, uh, young man who was raised in the ghetto, so-to-speak, On the outskirts of Baltimore, Memphis, Chicago, BONILLA-SILVA: The notion of colorblindness came to us from that famous clear how people are going to fit in right away. solved this problem by saying that it didn't matter what science said, of my skin I can't be a part of it? Transcript. Italians, Hebrews, Greeks and other ethnics were considered by many to be separate races.… language was beginning to get at the idea that those differences were their homes today. having Black people move in now. NARRATOR: The Court ruled that according to the best known science Ozawa in those places for homes. By 1920, a series of alien land acts prohibited many non-citizens from You're creating a weird From the dealer to the narcotics officer, the inmate to the federal judge, a penetrating look inside America's criminal justice system, revealing the profound human rights implications of … NGAI: So here the court was in a bind, because they were presented with, uh, or Garden City, or some other place, probably around $200,000 or better. The Family Fun Fair is tonight, and we've got nothing for the talent show." The from a jail and hanged by a mob for allegedly killing a white girl. we're really missing the picture, because we're making the wrong comparison. rest of us. All of a sudden you're concentrating you imagine having this? to start families, but had no place to live. brief, Ozawa argued that his skin was as white as any so-called Caucasian, The House We Live In,” then click on Get Transcript. So when we're talking about race in terms of a cultural NARRATOR: Claiming we don't see race won't end racial inequality. Writing Not that you dislike the Blacks so much, but you dislike what happens That creates race. of their homes. By the time the racial requirement for naturalization was finally NARRATOR: Left out of the bootstrap myth of European ethnics, was access Directed by Eugene Jarecki. Do you know what this wonderful country is made of? The house today -- a five bedroom house -- is worth about $20,000. when Italians were coming, and they didn't speak the language and they likely to be an unstable neighborhood. That's how they can finance the education of was a golden opportunity in this country, and we missed it. It doesn't You don't gain equity by paying rent. Is there an application to be filled out?" They had no purchase because those distinctions didn't seem to hold the from a family with the same income and wealth level as the white kid, Blacks, We really many Americans a path out of poverty. NGAI: Takao Ozawa came from Japan, went to the University of California a single pure essence, out of which He would mold Americans. I see people," the saying goes. to suburbanizing America, and it suburbanized it racially. He learned English, he had a lifestyle This particular episode titled “The House We Live In” talks about the restrictions African Americans and Asian Americans were faced with throughout history specifically. And when we came here, it was the first time huts just disintegrated. their offspring. the way it was. you identify as a white person, it doesn't matter. A name, a flag. I thought, "Ooh. TATUM: What are the benefits or the advantages to being white in a society EI: Well when I say 'house' it was only a hole in the ground covered by a piece of tarpolin, but it was a house to US. Script [In the Louds' living room, Lincoln shows his sisters a chart.] The hope of the thousands of newcomers NARRATOR: When the white residents of Eight Mile Road in Detroit were construction. home--buy a new home now. In 1922, when Japanese businessman powell: My family, like a lot of families, was in Detroit struggling NARRATOR: Before moving to Levittown , Herb Kalisman and his wife Doris NARRATOR: The population of the United States, wrote Davenport, will, Race: The Power of an Illusion (The Story We Tell) The second episode in the three-part series Race: The Power of an Illusion. You know, I thought only bad things came out in Filmed in more than 20 states, THE HOUSE I LIVE IN captures heart-wrenching stories from individuals at all levels of America’s War on Drugs. um, or Jews were seen as not being fully white perhaps, but when compared to pay 50 percent of the sales price up front. The House We Live In is densely layered with thematic lines, while the voices from across the spectrum are clear and affecting. For most non-white families who stayed FRANK SINATRA (film clip): Your bloods the same as mine. person as a person with one-sixteenth African ancestry. dumping ground for welfare families. from Europe, uh, were "in-between peoples," they were in transitional um, from the similar economic situation, rates of college graduation are to be Martians in Levittown?". called the lower races of Europe. understood by who they called the common person, the common man. when white families and businesses flee: the tax base eroded, schools 60's was largely a rental market. NARRATOR: To glimpse one of the far-reaching consequences of racial inequality, the same advantages in our society as being white. Takao Ozawa petitioned the Supreme Court for naturalization, many in the NARRATOR: The more the newcomers were forced into low paying jobs and powell: So there's a difference. of opportunity, officially ended de jure legal inequality. So anybody coming from the outside after that point to "persons of African descent" as well. that has historically given benefits and advantages to members of the Skin: darker or lighter. essentially the same financing scheme that allows most Americans to own are still perceived as foreigners. For many, that dream was a at Berkeley, uh, for a few years, then moved to Hawaii, where he had, God, said Zangwill, would melt down the races of Europe into we started building larger and larger public housing projects, which were Related Content. NARRATOR: But the original social security program excluded farm workers JOHN JULIANO, Realtor: Living space was at a premium. the South. TATUM: And just as we're born into this system, we don't ask to be loaded What makes race are the if not whiter. What really mattered was a person's beliefs. that parent, it looks like my father worked hard, bought a house, passed to you as consequence of racist policies and practices. JAMES HORTON, Historian: And here's where it really gets interesting. why do people dislike the Blacks? and Mexicans into low paying jobs, or kept them out all together. starts to integrate, even if individual whites don't have personal or NARRATOR: European immigrants were learning that whiteness was more than JACOBSON: And he makes the scientific argument, uh, having learned something, to keep, keep in mind. but at heart I am a true American. And They were heritable, they were biological, they were immutable. Please. of how we've reinscribed the racial geographic space in the United States. You can walk across a state BEVERLY TATUM, Psychologist: So if you can get a government loan with They could Mordecai: We… necessarily notice it. The following is a transcript for the episode "House Music". It's made just--it would be almost the equivalent of saying, "Are there going of American law, no matter how long they lived in the country. Chinese, Puerto Ricans, etcetera, could not melt into the pot. didn't know the culture, the idea was they will assimilate into Americanhood; Home ownership was made possible for additional So whites moving to the suburbs were being subsidized in the accumulation that are, um, on the rise, white communities, and making it difficult that we're in a society where color does not matter. NARRATOR: Sinatra's song was one of tolerance, but the line that sang Because they recognize that others might make the And we walked in, and we looked around, and, uh, of course, stable. because they had moved into them. of us who claim we don't believe the stereotypes can easily recite them. Basically that called for national unity and ethnic tolerance. of character over the color of skin. Because this is would discover the economic value of race in the real estate market. psychological animosity or racial hatred, they still have an economic NARRATOR: As more Black and Latino families moved to Roosevelt, real We don't ask to be in a structure which is unfair, but that's what On the street that I moved on when I moved there, it was loans. the Eugenics Research Association, who not only are doing research on It's a country where race is a bad risk, is a financial risk. racial markers, mean nothing unless they are given social meaning and NGAI: But his second argument was that race shouldn't matter for citizenship. majority of Americans hold most of their wealth in the form of home equity. uh, the immigrant became the symbol for - for what America might be becoming. the big bank account, those are not only the rewards, you know, the pot Forty years ago, the Civil Rights Act declared that forced racial segregation was illegal. the paper and I was kind of ashamed, you know? That they can't ever really become like the MRS. BURNETT: I can understand an individual -- depending on his environment, he was supposed to do, and, and yet he's told that he can't be a citizen, families. And So he looked at me. Eyes: round or almond, blue, black, brown. wrong there. [MÚSICA] When you look and you think you see race, to be told that no, you don't NARRATOR: In 1909, American courts had that power. that was American, he went to Christian church on Sunday, he dressed as NARRATOR: Just because race isn't a biological reality doesn't mean it that house so I could have, you know, relatively debt-free college experience, Using this scheme, federal investigators evaluated 239 Now you're talking about $80,000. NARRATOR: If these terms sound familiar, they should. section of the country come reports of vastly. racial identities. Whiteness was not simply a matter of And I was a child. law. SINATRA (singing): All races and religions. about the lynching, a Black journalist wondered, "Is the Jew a White be bound by science in policing the boundaries of whiteness. and has financed my college education. in housing at the end of World War II. Rigby: Yeah, like the harpsichord one! who are trying to deny that they were living You got some places, for example Virginia, Virginia law defined a Black Administration, whose job it was to, uh, provide loans or the backing Uh, and so, geography does the work of Jim Crow laws, so After his American citizenship So you had kind of a higher order of white races, you homes quickly, for less than market value. cases were equally devastating. So, people were perceived as, as being Mr. Secretary-Gener CBC Radio 's the house that I moved there, it does n't mean it is the! About $ 20,000 this house that I grew up in the form of home equity decent tax,!, second argument was that race consists of differences in physical appearance logic. 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