He sought God in prayer ( 1 Samuel 23:2; 1 Samuel 23:4; 1 Samuel 23:11-12; cf. Glory to Honor. 23 “Do what seems best to you,” her husband Elkanah told her. God did not want Saul to hunt him down, much less kill him. ], "LORD God of Israel," the ultimate ruler of His people. Saul said, “GOD bless you for thinking about me! "go," "make more sure," "investigate," "see," "look," "learn;". "We've got him now! What is it that God revealed to David (24:17)? ", [Note: Gordon, I & II Samuel . Jeshimon means "desert" or "waste" in Hebrew, so it may have been the name of a region east of Ziph. Whereas God promised to go with David and deliver the Philistines into his hands ( 1 Samuel 23:2; 1 Samuel 23:4), Saul promised to go with the Ziphites to destroy David among the Judahites ( 1 Samuel 23:23). He also described himself as the Lord"s "servant" twice. David Strengthens Himself in the Lord (1 Samuel 29‐2 Samuel 1) Psalm 54; Philippians 4:6), and he proceeded to serve God ( 1 Samuel 23:2; 1 Samuel 23:5; cf. God told Samuel to anoint a king as the people had asked, but also to "warn them and show them the ways of the king who shall reign over them" (1 Samuel 8:9). Why do you think God showed this to David? So, people must not be too afraid to listen to God; and they must not be too proud to obey him. Part 1 - 1 Samuel chapter 1 - Samuel: the boy whose mother gave him to God. What do you learn about God’s attitude to *sacrifices? Word soon reached Saul that David had escaped, so he didn't go to Keilah after all. Samuel Anoints David as King (1 Samuel 15‐16) 2. For “Rock” (see the note on 1 Sam. 4 So David asked the LORD again, and again the LORD replied, "Go down to Keilah, for I will help you conquer the Philistines." He didn’t stop seeking the Lord as he matured. 23 Discover his hiding places, and come back with a more definite report. What he said to David rested on God"s promises and plans for David that both Jonathan and Saul now knew (cf. Abiathar had evidently remained in the forest of Hereth when David took his men to attack the Philistines in Keilah (cf. Note David’s response (12:19-23). Cross-References. 11 # Short Commentary & Lesson from 1 Samuel 20.11-23 Had Jonathan wanted to, he could have easily betrayed David. Then Jonathan returned home, while David stayed at Horesh. he exclaimed. Ziph stood in the wilderness area of Judah whereas Keilah was in the more hospitable Shephelah. And he said to him, “Do not fear, for the hand of Saul my father shall not find you. "My father will never find you! David went to rescue the people of Keilah from the Philistines, but then he had to flee from that town because the citizens were going to hand him over to Saul. He also did it by distracting David"s enemy ( 1 Samuel 23:27-28). Saul had to break off his personal vendetta to respond to the Philistine danger (cf. He’s very shrewd, you know. 6 Abiathar the priest went to Keilah with David, taking the ephod with him to get answers for David from the LORD. In chapter 7, God reveals his plan for salvation through David's house. What is it that God revealed to David (24:17)? Moreover, other godly people encouraged David, namely, Abiathar the priest, who helped him in prayer ( 1 Samuel 23:6), and Jonathan the prince, who reminded him of God"s promises ( 1 Samuel 23:16-18). The town of Ziph was12miles southeast of Keilah, and the wilderness of Ziph was near the town. O LORD, God of Israel, please tell me." David inquired of the Lord, "Shall I go and attack these Philistines?" 14 David now stayed in the strongholds of the wilderness and in the hill country of Ziph. 22 Go and check again to be sure of where he is staying and who has seen him there, for I know that he is very crafty. The presence of the ephod made it possible for David to continue to obtain guidance from the Lord in answer to his prayers. Saul said, “God has given David to me. We can be blind to our own condition too. (Elkanah, Peninnah and Hannah) What do you learn about them? Jonathan and David made another covenant (cf. Like Samson, whom we looked at in Lesson 12, Samuel was a Nazirite. "Good!" Saul felt confident that he could control the gate and so trap David. What do you learn about pleasing God? The sites of Horesh ( 1 Samuel 23:15) and Hachilah ( 1 Samuel 23:19) are not certain. Jeshimon means "desert" or "waste" in Hebrew, so it may have been the name of a region east of Ziph. He submitted to God’s dealings with him. Saul summoned soldiers to accompany him to Keilah ( 1 Samuel 23:7), but there is no mention that he prayed for divine guidance as David had done ( 1 Samuel 23:2; 1 Samuel 23:4). 23 See therefore, and take knowledge of all the lurking places where he hideth himself, and come ye again to me with the certainty, and I will go with you: and it shall come to pass, if he be in the land, that I will search him out throughout all the thousands of Judah. In my last message, I told you about my friend, Karl Lind, who is waiting to be with the Lord. Thank you for joining us today. "We know where David is hiding," they said. Observe his movements—where he goes, who he’s with. How often do you take time to examine yourself before God? Now the priest joined David at Keilah ( 1 Samuel 23:6). But Saul kept after him. Used by Permission. Results for 1 Samuel 23. And the LORD said, "He will come. 21 "The LORD bless you," Saul said. to be a special spokesman for God) when he was very young. God told David to go against the Philistines first. He trusted in God. And the LORD replied, "Yes, they will betray you." “Gad” is later called David’s seer (1 Chron. 11 Will the men of Keilah surrender me to him? 1 Samuel • ... them and return the money they robbed. New Living Translation Bible and Notes used with permission Tyndale House Publishers. Hannah Dedicates Samuel. DD. Psalm 54tells us what David was thinking and praying during this experience. He had 2 wives. Keilah was about three miles southeast of Adullam in the Shephelah, the foothills between the coastal plain on the west and the hill country of Judah on the east. 16 Jonathan went to find David and encouraged him to stay strong in his faith in God. Themes in 1 Samuel . What do you learn about his men? And if he is in the area at all, I'll track him down, even if I have to search every hiding place in Judah!" 26 He and David were now on opposite sides of a mountain. God is not a respecter of persons , and so He sent Nathan the prophet to confront David. 1 Samuel 20:2; 1 Samuel 20:31). 1 Samuel 23:2; 1 Samuel 23:4; 1 Samuel 23:11-12). They slaughtered the Philistines and took all their livestock and rescued the people of Keilah. 15 One day near Horesh, David received the news that Saul was on the way to Ziph to search for him and kill him. 7 Saul soon learned that David was at Keilah. In ch23 , David, even while on the run from Saul, is shown saving a city from Philistine attack. 2 Kings 6:27; Joel 2:24). 1 Samuel 15:23 commentary: What happened when Saul disobeyed God? Saul my father also knows this.” 1 Samuel 23:17 “The Community” is a small group material created by Cru. In 1 Samuel we see the story of God’s people. Do you allow him to shine his spotlight onto those areas which are not in line with his will and purposes for you? "We know where David is hiding," they said. He trusted in God. Nevertheless David attacked and soundly defeated the Philistines because of God"s promise and power. They prepared to go down to Keilah to attack David and his men. perfections) were evidently two stones or similar objects, one light and the other dark in color. 6:1-8). Jonathan risked his own safety to encourage his friend again. Read 1 Samuel 1:1-8. Who are the main characters in these verses? Did David do it (19)? 2012. She said to her husband, “After the boy is weaned, I will take him and present him before the Lord, and he will live there always.” . He is misguided and blind to his own condition and the reality of the situation he is in. I called Karl this past week to tell him that my wife and I were thinking about him and remembering him in our prayers. What do you learn about David’s leadership? Just as Saul and his men began to close in on David and his men. More people were siding with David and were turning from Saul. What might be wrong with Saul’s requests to Samuel? He was aggressively carrying out the will of God by defeating Israel"s enemies as the Lord"s anointed servant. Evidently the Ziphites thought that they would be better off if they informed Saul of David"s presence in their area than if the king discovered that he was there. Saul hunted him day after day, but God didn't let him be found. What did David do while he trusted God? (Elkanah was a man who took his family to worship and sacrifice to the Lord every year. Did David do it (19)? What was David’s response to what he saw (24:17)? Samuel was called to the prophetic office (i.e. Then Jonathan returned home, while David stayed at Horesh. 1 Samuel chapter 3. Whether Israel was under judges or kings, its destiny ultimately depended on God, because all rulers answer to him. 5 So David and his men went to Keilah. “After the boy is weaned,” she said to her husband, “I will take him to appear before the LORD and to stay there permanently.” 23 “Do what you think is best,” her husband Elkanah replied, “and stay here until you have weaned him. She begged forgiveness on behalf of her entire household, and God used that moment to show David how wrong it would be to take revenge in his own way and kill these innocent servants. The Lord, who is a perfect Father, loves us and knows what will work out best in our lives. Outline of 1 Samuel. 1 Chronicles 26:27-28 says Samuel began collecting treasures for building the temple in Solomon’s day. 8 So Saul mobilized his entire army to march to Keilah and attack David and his men. Really it was David who was in need of compassion from these people, but he found none. “That’s nothing,” Karl respo… 3 But David's men said, "We're afraid even here in Judah. As we do, we see the greatness of our God over His people. When it's easy and when it's not? 1. The following is a suggested outline: I. David lived halfway between the time of Abraham, with whom God made his original covenant, and Jesus, who fulfilled that covenant on the cross. David and his men then sought refuge behind a huge rock in the area. Why do you think God showed this to David? Matthew 28:19-20). 14 David now stayed in the strongholds of the wilderness and in the hill country of Ziph. Introduction: Why do haters hate? In 1 Samuel we read that the ark had been captured by the Philistine tribes. The writer recorded in this passage that David inquired of the Lord four times ( 1 Samuel 23:2; 1 Samuel 23:4; 1 Samuel 23:10-11). Here are some practical life lessons we can learn from David’s submission to God. A call from God. David"s men were understandably afraid to attack the Philistines who had greater numbers and stronger forces. David trapped himself when he went into a city surrounded by a wall with gates and bars to lock them.” 8 Saul called all his army together for battle. 1-samuel 23:16 And Jonathan Saul's son arose, and went to David into the wood, and strengthened his hand in God. You are here: God >> The Bible >> 1 Samuel 23 1 One day news came to David that the Philistines were at Keilah stealing grain from the threshing floors.. 2 David asked the LORD, "Should I go and attack them?" Everyday events can be part of God's greater plan. Thus, it became Samuel’s task to anoint a king from among the people. Verse 2~David had the admirable quality of inquiring of Jehovah God. The Urim (lit. Hannah Dedicates Samuel. 1 Samuel 1–2:11 What does it mean to keep choosing God in the midst of successes and failures? 1 Samuel 18:3; 1 Samuel 20:8; 1 Samuel 20:12-17). His infant son had died. 1 Samuel 22:20-23). 21:9). Read 1 Samuel 15:22-23. Please print this section if you would like to study the Book of 1 Samuel with a group of people. 2 Samuel 23:3 "The God of Israel said, the Rock of Israel spake to me, He that ruleth over men [must be] just, ruling in the fear of God." David"s escape from the wilderness of Ziph23:19-23. Again the writer directed our attention back to Saul. I’m sure there were days that David felt forgotten by God. God has handed him over to me, for he has trapped himself in a walled city!" In contrast, … David and Goliath: Bold Faith (1 Samuel 17) 3. Type: Sunday School Outlines. Read about his reliance on God in the psalms of David. (Elkanah, Peninnah and Hannah) What do you learn about them? A common thread through all these stories is God’s undying faithfulness to his people. Jonathan"s encouragement of David23:15-18. David continues to be protected by the Lord. He is constantly in fear for his life. God chose David as Saul’s Psalm 54tells us what David was thinking and praying during this experience. This is the last meeting of these "soul brothers" that the text records. David remained faithful to God throughout his life. Finding the new version too difficult to understand? God at work for David and this is the summary of 1 Samuel chapter 23. 1 Samuel 23. Do you shake your fist in God’s face and exclaim, “It’s not fair!”? How did David receive strength during his trials? BSP . You are going to be the king of Israel, and I will be next to you, as my father is well aware." “There is no one holy like the LORD; there is no one besides you; there is no Rock like our God. perfections) were evidently two stones or similar objects, one light and the other dark in color. 18 So the two of them renewed their covenant of friendship before the LORD. he exclaimed. (1-4) God directs David to fight against the Philistines and deliver the city of Keliah. "We have just witnessed how Saul, in an outburst of rage, became responsible for the destruction of the priestly city of Nob. "My father will never find you! 9 David learned that Saul was making plans against him. His first concern is to bring back the ark of God. 23 Discover his hiding places, and come back with a more definite report. 28 So Saul quit the chase and returned to fight the Philistines. Romans 12:17-21 – Never avenge yourselves. If this should happen the people of the land will leave you. 29:29). ., p175.]. Why or why not? He saved him by bringing information to his ears that David needed to protect himself ( 1 Samuel 23:2; 1 Samuel 23:4; 1 Samuel 23:11-12; 1 Samuel 23:25). He’s holy. 12 Again David asked, "Will these men of Keilah really betray me and my men to Saul?" What was David’s response to what he saw (24:17)? The Urim (lit. The "Arabah" describes the low-lying area that extends from Mt. David then moved on to Engedi, 14miles east of Ziph, to increase his safety. 24 So the men of Ziph returned home ahead of Saul. Please print this section if you would like to study the Book of 1 Samuel with a group of people. . He’s the God above all gods, the King above all kings. Sincere obedience was the prerequisite for worship that pleased God. He did not take revenge on the citizens of Keilah for telling Saul where he was. They must listen to God’s words in a humble manner; they must speak to him in a manner that respects him. Israel has been defeated in an initial battle with the Philistines, suffering the loss of about 4,000 lives (1 Samuel 4:1-2). Obedience. He did not become anxious and just wait. David prayed again and requested answers to two questions ( 1 Samuel 23:10-11). David had sought and received divine guidance and had succeeded at Keilah ( 1 Samuel 23:1-14). What did Gad tell David to do (24:18)? David Saves Keilah. Was this the proper response? lights) and Thummim (lit. He ascertained God"s will by drawing one out after mentally assigning a … 10) Do not let His words fail: When he received a word from the Lord, first about the fate of Eli and his sons and later about the prophecy regarding Israel, Samuel shared God’s word. "1, 12 Again David asked, "Will these men of Keilah really betray me and my men to Saul?" David Spares the Lordʹs Anointed (1 Samuel 24‐28) 6. Saul abandoned his plans to attack Keilah, and David moved on to the wilderness near Ziph. 1 Samuel 23 – David Saves Keliah; David Escapes from Saul A. David saves Keliah from the Philistines. What do you think about Saul’s behaviour? God answered his prayers ( 1 Samuel 23:2; 1 Samuel 23:4; 1 Samuel 23:11-12; cf. He’s worthy. 27 an urgent message reached Saul that the Philistines were raiding Israel again. No part of this publication may be And during that waiting period David faced a lot of hardship. 3 But David's men said, "We're afraid even here in Judah. The threshing floors were places where the Israelites stored their threshed grain after threshing it (cf. He attributed cunning to David, but Saul was really the cunning hunter in this story. Saul was projecting his own deceitful behavior onto David. 1 Samuel 23. 21 "The LORD bless you," Saul said. What were the consequences disobedience in the Bible for Saul? 1 Samuel 23. What do you learn about pride? "Yes, go and save Keilah," the LORD told him.. 3 But David's men said, "We're afraid even here in Judah.We certainly don't want to go to Keilah to fight the whole Philistine army!" Anne Lamotte said "You can safely assume that you've created God in your own image when it turns out that God hates all the same people you do." How did God deliver David? 1 Samuel 30:6). Obviously God had not done this since David was the Lord"s anointed king-elect. Their relationship with him is like a servant’s relationship with his master. Commentary Critical and Explanatory - Unabridged, Kretzmann's Popular Commentary of the Bible, Lange's Commentary on the Holy Scriptures. Samuel Anoints David as King (1 Samuel 15‐16) 2. 22 But if I say to the youth, h ‘Look, the arrows are beyond you,’ then go, for the L ord has sent you away. He ascertained God"s will by drawing one out after mentally assigning a meaning to each. Again Saul spoke piously (cf. 9 But David learned of Saul's plan and told Abiathar the priest to bring the ephod and ask the LORD what he should do. 1 Samuel 22:3 "And David went thence to Mizpeh of Moab: and he said unto the king of Moab, Let my father and my mother, I pray thee, come forth, [and be] with you, till I know what God will do … Some of David"s sympathizers ("they," 1 Samuel 23:25) informed him that Saul was approching with soldiers. Hermon to the Red Sea, including the Jordan Valley and Dead Sea regions. Now Saul sought and received human guidance and failed near Ziph ( 1 Samuel 23:15-23). Part 1 - 1 Samuel chapter 1 - Samuel: the boy whose mother gave him to God. To obey is better than to sacrifice and to heed than the fat of rams. ” 24 So David hid himself in the field. "Arabah" describes the low-lying area that extends from Mt. 1. The literary spotlight now moves back from Saul to David and his activities. 26 He and David were now on opposite sides of a mountain. Saul). Saul, having made himself drunk with the blood of the priests of the Lord, is here, in this chapter, seeking David’s life, who appears here doing good, and suffering ill, at the same time. And the men who murdered my slaves, kill them and avenge their blood. ", 4 So David asked the LORD again, and again the LORD replied, "Go down to Keilah, for I will help you conquer the Philistines.". "He is in the strongholds of Horesh on the hill of Hakilah, which is in the southern part of Jeshimon. 1.) 1 When David was told, “Look, the Philistines are fighting against Keilah and are looting the threshing floors,” 2 he inquired of the Lord, saying, “Shall I go and attack these Philistines?” The Lord answered him, “Go, attack the Philistines and save Keilah.” 3 But David’s men said to him, “Here in Judah we are afraid. Ever since that time, the place where David was camped has been called the Rock of Escape.*2. In 1 Samuel 23: 7 Saul still thinks God is on his side. "We've got him now! 13 So David and his men--about six hundred of them now--left Keilah and began roaming the countryside. 23. 15:24-25 Put this story into your own words. (Elkanah was a man who took his family to worship and sacrifice to the Lord every year. God was protecting His servant. 1: Some manuscripts lack the first sentence of 23:11. The prophet related a story to the king and then, with a clever twist in the details, got him to recognize the seriousness of his transgressions (2 Samuel 12:1-13). They thought that God might destroy their entire nation because of his anger against them. Meanwhile, David and his men had moved into the wilderness of Maon in the Arabah Valley south of Jeshimon. He subsequently collaborated in an account of the deeds of David (1 Chron. He might have blamed them for sheltering David and taken revenge on them as he had on the people of Nob. And the LORD said, "He will come. 21 1 Then David came to v ... ’ I have made an appointment with the young men for such and such a place. Learn his routines. 23 See therefore, and take knowledge of all the lurking places where he hideth himself, and come ye again to me with the certainty, and I will go with you: and it shall come to pass, if he be in the land, that I will search him out throughout all the thousands of Judah. "1 23. Without complaint David obeyed his father when Jesse asked David to take food to his brothers and check on them (1 Samuel 17:17-20). David Strengthens Himself in the Lord (1 Samuel 29‐2 Samuel 1) 1 Chronicles 9:22 suggests he organized the Levites in the service of the sanctuary which was completed by David and Solomon. David is remembered as "a man after God's own heart." What lessons can we learn from this? Saul hunted him day after day, but God didn't let him be found.